Saturday, May 23, 2020

Essay on What Would the World Be Like Without Happiness

What would the world be like without happiness? Would someone miss being happy if they never experienced it and if a choice was given would you alter your chosen happiness? These are all questions nozick intends to answer with his direction of happiness as well as his machine. Nozick talks about emotions and how they affect our world. He also talks about how emotionless people tend to be better off, so what would happen if we chose to pick neither of his choices. Would we better off or would we be worse off? This question will depend on whether or not Nozicks arguments are flawed, if they are than it would not make sense to choose either one. According to Nozicks experiments happiness is not all people consider when they live their lives†¦show more content†¦Nozick believes that second option has a larger negative aspect to it which is the reason most people if not all will choose the first option. He also believes that by choosing that choice, people are considering more than just their happiness. If happiness was all people cared about they would choose not only the second option but the first option as well, because it gives them what they are searching for which is happiness. It shouldn’t matter whether it is an increasing slope of happiness or a decreasing slope of happiness because the fact that you’re experiencing some form of happiness should still suffice. He also solidified the fact that people consider more than just happiness, because by giving options one will consider all of the pros and cons of that choice. Nozick refers to the idea that the majority will choose choice A as the narrative direction. He states that people want to experience good experiences in a certain way. They do not want to have all of their good experiences at once. Instead they would like to have small good experience and grow from there because it allows oneself to look forward to the rest of their time. This is what Nozick refers to as pleasure. Within his argument he uses pleasure and happiness equally. Nozick defines pleasure as a feeling that is wanted because of the qualities it obtains. Without these qualities noShow MoreRelatedThe Problem Of True Happiness1696 Words   |  7 PagesTrue happiness is defined by, having a sense of deep inner well-being, how you fell about a certain situation and experiencing true happiness is a great thing. The reason why true happiness is important in the world of today is because, without true happiness the world would, come unraveled and more crimes and the government migh t go into a crazy binge where there is no control over what is said, or down on any issue that is put in front of the government like, immigration reform, to make changesRead MoreThe Giver Dystopia Essay1155 Words   |  5 Pagesachieved, a utopia would be â€Å"perfect world† where everyone is satisfied. A dystopia can be very far from perfect, as it is in The Giver. The world in The Giver by Lois Lowry is a dystopia because no world anywhere can ever be perfect, the people who live there will never be truly happy and because without choice life can be very boring, as it is in The Giver. The world in The Giver is not perfect because nothing can really be perfect. It is almost impossible to think of a perfect world, and if you doRead MoreEssay on Brave New World: A Society of False Happiness1663 Words   |  7 Pagespossibility for the reader to grasp inner desires and decide what is truly important in life. Literature allows readers to dive into a different world where happiness and fulfillment is plentiful and eternal, also described as a utopia, while other pieces of literature direct the reader into a world of dissatisfaction which is a dystopia. Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World is in 26th century England. With the help of advanced technology and drugs, happiness fills the lives of the people living at that time periodRead MoreHow Does Rousseau And Diderot Compare Their Texts On Human Happiness?942 Words   |  4 Pageshuman happiness? Both these authors Diderot and Rousseau have similar perspectives on human happiness. They believe happiness comes from who you spend your time with and within the environment that you live in. This essay will talk about some similar factors on what and why makes them happy and comfortable within themselves. They both liked to live a care free life , not to be a slave or to be a boss. The authors mention that they both liked the scenery of nature and that their happiness comes whenRead MoreWhat Is Happiness?725 Words   |  3 PagesUndoubtedly, happiness is the most important part in our lives. But if you ask different individuals what is happiness, there are absolutely a wide variety of answers you would hear. It is difficult to define happiness because it means different things to different people. Like such, obtaining happiness can vary people to people and it can shape what their lifelong goals and dream are. Usually, happiness can be described as a feeling of pleasure or enjoym ent or sometimes a feeling of self-fulfilmentRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Brave New World By Anton Chekhov913 Words   |  4 PagesPursuit of Happiness Liberty gives you the freedom to find your own happiness. Personal liberty is an individual to do whoever she/he pleases. In a short story called â€Å"The Man in a Case† by Anton Chekhov, a character named Byelikov is consistent of the way he lives. Byelikov was man that strictly played by the rules. For someone that is freely but seemed unhappy, he was scared to take risk because he wanted to be ready unexpected. A book named Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, is about the peopleRead MoreThe Principles Of Happiness And Truth1682 Words   |  7 Pages Happiness and truth are two fundamental principles which are crucial to humanity. These two concepts can refer to a variety of aspects: truth – such as human truths, emotion or love, whereas happiness may refer to one’s passions, experiences which overall bring authenticity to one’s life. Everyone has their own definition of these two aspects since everyone was raised differently and experienced dif ferent life situations. People raised in a totalitarian society may have a different definitionRead MoreHappiness : What Is It? Essay1709 Words   |  7 PagesHappiness: The Analysis of How to Achieve It What is the key to happiness? What is that one recipe or formula that creates it? Everyone has their own interpretation of what it might be. Whether it is spending time with their family or taking the dog for a walk, it is specific to each person. Happiness is easier to find than it is made out to be. The key to being happy is simplicity; adding materialism and technology is the downfall to the delighted. Materialistic items like the newest Michael KorsRead MoreBrave New World Analysis1257 Words   |  6 Pages In Brave New World, the author Aldous Huxley predicts a future, like no other, where truth is trumped by happiness. The people in the World State are ignorant of the truth. They mistake the truth as happiness. This ignorance leads them to believe that a tablet called soma is used â€Å"to calm your anger, to reconcile you to your enemies, to make you patient† (Huxley 213). Through drugs and conditioning, the government has kept the World State uninformed of the truth. Being controlled by the governmentRead MoreAn Analysis Of David Brooks s What Suffering Does Pain ``1584 Words   |  7 Pagesthe way the world is and then do their best to adapt to that reality. Religions and philosophies, like Buddhism and stoicism, may try to teach its followers how to end their pain, because no one likes hurting. However, suffering is not necessarily a bad thing. It is painful, but suffering can bring new levels of meaning and appreciation to happiness. Pain is inevitable for anyone who cares about the people or things in his/her life. But if we were to eliminate suffering then life would become meaningless

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Essay on William Shakespeares Twelfth Night - 3268 Words

William Shakespeares Twelfth Night In Act 1, scenes 1-3, there are many ways to which these scenes provide an effective opening to the play. Individually, these scenes each serve a different aspect, which contributes to an effective opening. In Act 1, scene 1, Orsino is introduced into the picture, with his whining and pining towards this love for Olivia, with much exaggeration, due to the excessive use of imagery, and gives us one of the central theme of the play – transient and complex love. Act 1, scene 2 displays Viola and the Captain, and how Viola appears naà ¯ve, but is actually a strategist, and plans to disguise herself to get protection and also get closer to Orsino – causing a confusion†¦show more content†¦The poetry and music, the use of rich, sensuous imagery of beauty and nature, set a romantic tone of the play. This can be seen evidently from how he begins with ‘If music be the food of love, play on’. This line creates a mood that is suitable for what he is talki ng about – love. In addition, scene 1 is the introduction scene, in which we can gather many first impressions, be it for the characters, or the theme of the play. Hence, from scene 1, our first impression is formed that the main theme of this play is love that is uncertain, ever changing, unpredictable, fickle, inconstant and transient. This impression is formed from how Orsino is dependent on the mood and feels that the right atmosphere is integral to love. Henceforth, we get an implication that he is more in love with being in love than in love with Olivia, the real, true person, showing that love can change in the twinkle of an eye, an important point in respect to the theme of this play. In scene 1, we are also given an idea of the character traits of both Olivia and Orsino. This serves as an effective opening to the play as, the mood of the play is exaggerated and unrealistic. Hence, as both Olivia and Orsino are exaggerated people who indulge in their own feelings rather than genuine feelings for others and Orsino is one who is exaggerated in his use of language, with similes, puns, metaphors andShow MoreRelatedWilliam Shakespeares Twelfth Night Essay1146 Words   |  5 PagesWilliam Shakespeares Twelfth Night The use of genre in any literary work assist the responder in understanding the text, as prior knowledge and past experience are used by composers to construct certain expectations due to characteristics that are recognised. Shakespeare, in his play Twelfth Night uses the Romantic comedy genre and its conventions of strong themes of love and a series of obstacles and misunderstandings concluded with a harmonious union of the loversRead MoreWilliam Shakespeares Twelfth Night Essay1962 Words   |  8 PagesWilliam Shakespeares Twelfth Night William Shakespeare was baptised on the 26th April 1564, and as it was the tradition for children to be taken to the church for this only a few days after birth, April 23rd has been traditionally held as his actual birthday. It also fits relatively nicely for English person to be born on St. Georges Day as this represents England. He was born in Stratford upon Avon. In 1601, near the middle of Shakespeares careerRead MoreThe Impervious Perception of William Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night1631 Words   |  7 PagesIn the kingdom of Illyria (fantasy world), Twelfth Night was supposedly originally written for the entertainment of Queen Elizabeth I. William Shakespeare’s comedy associates with the Feast of Epiphany (January 6th) and was means for entertainment in the seventeenth century. It contains some aspects that can be thought of as a successful comedy when compared to the standards of today’s society. The play incorporates some of the very same devices that are used in modern comedies today, such as topsy-turvyRead More Feste in William Shakespeares Twelfth Night Essay1077 Words   |  5 PagesFeste in William Shakespeares Twelfth Night In William Shakespeares comedy Twelfth Night, it is ironic how many times the fool is said to be dishonest, when, in fact, his role proves entirely opposite. Though sometimes the characters do not realize his hidden messages, the reader can instantly comprehend Festes figurative language, which is evident in every scene in which the fool appears. Whether he is singing to Orsino, arguing with Malvolio, or playing around with Viola, Feste alwaysRead MoreWilliam Shakespeares Twelfth Night Essay examples1337 Words   |  6 PagesWilliam Shakespeares Twelfth Night Twelfth Night is one of Shakespeares most famous comedies, involving complex plots, which result in hilarious outcomes. The main plot of Twelfth Night tells of Count Orsinos efforts to woo the Lady Olivia who does not return his affection. Instead, Olivia is smitten with Orsinos servant Cesario, unaware of his true identity. Cesario is actually shipwrecked Viola who, believing her brother has drowned, dresses up as a man to workRead MoreViola in William Shakespeares The Twelfth Night Essay551 Words   |  3 PagesViola in William Shakespeares The Twelfth Night Viola as a main character is the most deceitful; she tricks everybody into believing shes a man, but as well as being most deceitful she is also the most honest and sincere. So what are her attractive qualities? Why does she appeal to us as an audience? In this essay I will be looking at Viola and her appealing qualities as well as the way in which I believe she should be acted. In many ways Viola represents trueRead More Misperception and Deception in William Shakespeares Twelfth Night2160 Words   |  9 PagesMisperception and Deception in Twelfth Night  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚        Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Twelfth Night is likely one of Shakespeare’s most entertaining and complete comedy. This romance explores a generous wealth of themes and issues. The most recurrent theme is the relationship between misperception and deception. As a result of their environment and immediate circumstances, men are forced into misperceptions. Paradoxically, they are completely trapped by these illusions. Between the bad fortune they encounter andRead MoreWilliam Shakespeares Twelfth Night Essay examples453 Words   |  2 PagesWilliam Shakespeares Twelfth Night In Twelfth Night Olivias trusted steward Malvolio, like Sir Andrew, is the butt of comedy. His very name suggests ill-will, which echoes his role in the play. Malvolio is an egotistical, overweening rogue, who is a straight laced, puritanical, social climbing rebuker of others for their anti-social and often sinful behaviour, or as he put it, misdemeanours. Malvolios character is summarised excellently by Maria in Act IIRead MoreWilliam Shakespeares Twelfth Night Essay examples892 Words   |  4 PagesWilliam Shakespeares Twelfth Night The final act is a simple scene in this romantic Shakesperian comedy. It brings together all the threads of the storyline the plots, mistakes and confusions. It shows Cesario (Viola) being accused of deception, lies and acts of violence by a number of others including Orsino, Olivia, Sir Andrew Aguecheek and Antonio. The scene is set outside Olivias house. It begins with Feste (the fool) and Fabian negotiating with each other overRead MoreEssay about Deception in William Shakespeares Twelfth Night775 Words   |  4 PagesDeception in William Shakespeares Twelfth Night In William Shakespeares comedic play, Twelfth Night, a recurring theme is deception. The characters in the play used deception for a variety of purposes. Violas use of deception involves her disguising herself as a man in order to obtain a job with the Duke of Illyria, Orsino. On the other hand, Maria, Olivias servant, writes a letter to Malvolio in Olivias handwriting to make Malvolio act foolishly because of his love for Olivia. While

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Dental Abscess And Anatomy Health And Social Care Essay Free Essays

Abscesss are normally caused by specific micro-organisms that invade the tissues, frequently by manner of little lesions or interruptions in the tegument. An abscess is a natural defence mechanism in which the organic structure attempts to place an infection and â€Å" palisade off † the micro-organisms so that they can non distribute throughout the organic structure. There are at least three types of alveolar consonant abscesses that resemble each other. We will write a custom essay sample on Dental Abscess And Anatomy Health And Social Care Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now It is their point of beginning that differentiates them. A gum or gingival abscess is the consequence of hurt to, or infection of, the surface of the gum tissue. If an infection moves deep into gum pockets, drainage of Pus is blocked and a periodontic abscess consequences. A periapical abscess refers to a tooth in which the mush is infected, normally secondary to tooth decay. Causes and Risk Factors of Dental Abscesses An abscess may happen when bacteriums invades the dental mush ( the nervousnesss and blood vass that fill the cardinal pit of the tooth ) , doing the mush to decease. This most normally happens as a consequence of dental cavities, which destroy the tooth ‘s enamel and dentin, leting bacteriums to make the mush. Bacteria can besides derive entree to the mush when a tooth is injured. Failure to handle an septic dental nervus normally leads to breakdown of the bone around the root with the formation of an abscess or pit filled with Pus. The abscess is called ague or chronic, depending on how quickly it forms and how efficaciously the organic structure defends itself. An acute abscess is characterized by hurting, swelling, and febrility. A chronic abscess may be painless, with the patient wholly incognizant of its presence even as it continues to turn inside the lower jaw. Or the country of infection may be walled off by a hempen pouch, organizing a granuloma, which contains non-infectious ( unfertile ) tissue but non pus. Most of the pathological lesions and tips of roots are granulomas, but it is common pattern to mention to all such conditions as abscesses. Since granulomas are normally painless and really slow-growing, they are discovered merely by agencies of dental x-ray scrutinies. Unless the whole tooth is severely decayed, the tooth can be saved by root canal therapy. RADIOGRAPH SHOWING PERIAPICAL RADIOLUCENCY Symptoms of Dental Abscesses Pain is gnawing and uninterrupted. The involved tooth is painful when percussed ( tapped ) , and frequently the dentitions can non shut without added uncomfortableness. Hot nutrients may increase the hurting. If intervention is delayed, the infection may distribute through next tissues, doing cellulitis, changing grades of facial hydrops, and fever. The infection may distribute to osteal ( bony ) tissues or into the soft tissues of the floor of the oral cavity. Local puffiness and gingival fistulous witherss may develop opposite the vertex of the tooth, particularly with deciduous ( impermanent ) dentition. Drain into the oral cavity causes a acrimonious gustatory sensation. Abscesss from lower grinders may run out at the angle of the jaw. A chronic periapical ( at or around the vertex of a root of a tooth ) abscess normally presents few clinical marks, since it is basically a limited country of mild infection that spreads easy. A odontalgia that is terrible and uninterrupted and consequences in gnawing or throbbing hurting or crisp or hiting hurting are common symptoms of an abscessed tooth. Other symptoms may include: Fever Pain when mastication Sensitivity of the dentitions to hot or cold Bitter gustatory sensation in the oral cavity Foul odor to the breath Swollen cervix secretory organs General uncomfortableness, uneasiness, or ill feeling Redness and puffiness of the gums Swollen country of the upper or lower jaw An unfastened, run outing sore on the side of the gum If the root of the tooth dies as a consequence of infection, the odontalgia may halt. However, this does n’t intend the infection has healed ; the infection remains active and continues to distribute and destruct tissue. Therefore, if you experience any of the above listed symptoms, it is of import to see a tooth doctor even if the hurting subsides. Diagnosis of Dental Abscess Your tooth doctor will examine your dentitions with a dental instrument. If you have an abscessed tooth, you will experience hurting when the tooth is tapped by your tooth doctor ‘s investigation. Your tooth doctor will besides inquire you if your hurting additions when you bite down or when you close your oral cavity tightly. In add-on, your tooth doctor may surmise an abscessed tooth because your gums may be swollen and ruddy. Your tooth doctor may besides take X raies to look for eroding of the bone around the abscess. Treatment of Dental Abscesses in Deciduous tooth Definition: pulpectomy involves the remotion of the root and the mush chamber in order to derive one to root canals which are debrided, enlarged and disinfected. Technique 1.give equal local anesthesia 2.apply gum elastic dike to insulate the country. 3.remove all the carious dentin. 4.penetrate the mush chamber with aid of slow velocity unit of ammunition bur. 5.remove the mush tissue with all right barbed brooch and take the on the job length X ray. 6.complete the bio-mechanical preaparation and avoid over instrumentality. 7.avoid utilizing Gatess glidden drills, sonic and supersonic instruments because in primary dentitions there are increase opportunities of perforation due to narrow and slight canals. 8. voluminous irrigation is necessary to blush out dust and Na hypochlorite is the preferable irrigant. 9.now topographic point the paper point moistened with formocresol about for five proceedingss to repair any staying tissue. 10.after this remove the paper point and make full the canal with zinc oxide eugenol cement.there after, tooth is restored with unstained steel Crown. COMMONLY USED MATERIAL FOR FILLING THE CANALS ARE: Zinc oxide eugenol Iodoform paste Calcium hydrated oxide Zinc oxide paste Treatment of Abscess Tooth in Permanent Tooth It is of import to find which type of abscess is present so that the appropriate intervention may be rendered. In all three types of abscesses, the Pus must be drained. Antibiotics may be prescribed if systemic symptoms such as febrility and swelling in the lymph secretory organs are present. ( Mouth infections frequently affect the lymph glands in the cervix part. ) Deep cleansing will be undertaken for gum pocket ( periodontic ) abscesses. Schemes to extinguish the infection, continue the tooth, and prevent complications are the ends of intervention for an abscessed tooth. 1 ) To extinguish infection, the abscess may necessitate to be drained. Achieving drainage may be done through the tooth by a process known as a root canal. Root canal surgery may besides be recommended to take any morbid root tissue after the infection has subsided. Then, a Crown may be placed over the tooth. 2 ) The tooth may besides be extracted, leting drainage through the socket. 3 ) To run out the abscess would be by scratch into the conceited gum tissue. Antibiotics are prescribed to assist contend the infection. To alleviate the hurting and uncomfortableness associated with an abscessed tooth, warm salt-water rinses and nonprescription hurting medicine like isobutylphenyl propionic acid ( Advil or Motrin ) can be used. The redness and hurting of abscesses may be relieved with a low-level optical maser, doing the patient more comfy to have the injection in a more painless manner. As diabetics are prone to the spread of infection, abscesses should be brought to the attending of their tooth doctor so that prompt intervention may be begun. By and large, an analgetic ( pain-reliever ) such as acetylsalicylic acid or acetaminophen entirely or with codeine is needed. Bed remainder, a soft diet, and fluids may be necessary. Failure to handle an abscess can take to serious infection as the Pus spreads. Fever and malaise intensify when the infection penetrates the bone marrow of the jaw, bring forthing osteomyelitis. Prompt antibiotic therapy and surgical intercession in more utmost instances are normally successful in restricting the abscess or osteomyelitis, although frequently non before extended and lasting harm has been done. An abscessed tooth is a painful infection at the root of a tooth or between the gum and a tooth. It ‘s most normally caused by terrible tooth decay. Other causes of tooth abscess are trauma to the tooth, such as when it is broken or chipped, and gingivitis or gum disease. These jobs can do gaps in the tooth enamel, which allows bacteriums to infect the centre of the tooth ( called the mush ) . The infection may besides distribute from the root of the tooth to the castanetss back uping the tooth. and continues to distribute and destruct tissue. Therefore, if you experience any of the above listed symptoms, it is of import to see a tooth doctor even if the hurting subsides. Preventions Following good unwritten hygiene patterns can cut down the hazard of developing a tooth abscess. Besides, if your dentitions experience injury ( for illustration, go loosened or chipped ) , seek prompt dental attending The ends of intervention are to bring around the infection, save the tooth, and prevent complications. Prognosis ( Expectations ) Untreated abscesses may acquire worse and can take to dangerous complications. Prompt intervention normally cures the infection. The tooth can normally be saved in many instances. Complications Loss of the tooth Mediastinitis Sepsis Spread of infection to soft tissue ( facial cellulitis, Ludwig ‘s angina ) Spread of infection to the jaw bone ( osteomyelitis of the jaw ) Spread of infection to other countries of the organic structure ensuing in encephalon abscess, endocarditis, pneumonia, or other complications How to cite Dental Abscess And Anatomy Health And Social Care Essay, Essay examples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Human Resource Management Geriatric Nursing Protocols

Question: The Dawson Falls Mountain Lodge is a small boutique facility of national repute within the Mount Taranaki National Park. It provides premier accommodation and proposes to expand the room capacity by 15 rooms and provide exclusive tramping packages. Guests will experience spectacular scenery while enjoying exclusive adventure packages within the environmentally pristine national park. The Resort is not only about luxury, and a New Zealand clean green environment but also about peaceful relaxation. Part A: Human Resource Management: As the Manager (and owner) you are to prepare: TWO (2) project options to lead a change human resource management (HRM) process to ensure the owners have a team that has the right skill and knowledge set for the developed facility. In addition to giving consideration to current requirementsyou are to prepare a fully refreshed Five-Year HR Plan. In addition to your five year HR Plan you are to provide justification using exemplars from selected contemporary global business developments. Answer: Executive summery This report is about the Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge which is one of the growing company in the New Zealands tourism industry. They have put their first step in the industry in the year of 1896. Above the sea level of 905 meters they have successfully explored their place in the south eastern slope of Mt. Taranaki within the natural beauty of Egmont national park. One of the best reason to choose this hotel is their facility of seeing the park's natural beauty right in front of the door. They also offer the Swiss style suites to relax in the hotel. However, it is also mandatory for the company to make a perfect presentation of their facilities when they are dealing with the clients and their guest's certain development in the tourism industry has brought many new implementations in the hotels and their activities. In this way, the Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge has decided to offer more exciting packages to the visitors. They have offered adventure sports for the guests and they have employed more staffs to take care of that new implementation. Planning for the human resource department and the improvements for the employees is very much important while they are implementing the new trends and accommodating the best service to the guests. Implementing the adventure packages is not only the way of being the best. For that, the company has to recruit more effective staffs who can handle this kind of adventures that they are presenting. However, it is also a duty of human resource department to check if their company has their best employees who can entertain the guest of not and even it is their duty to make new changes for the developments. The human resource department is also liable to make planning for the future developments and make all departments active. In this report, two activities for the HR department have been included to understand the skills of employees and also a five years planning for development implemented. To support the planning, there are few examples to support the planning have been presented in thi s whole paper. Contents Lead a human resource management 4 Justification of HR plan and examples to support 15 References. 19 Lead a human resource management Project for understanding skills and knowledge of employees Project 1 Learning and knowledge Understanding employees are one of the best central tasks for the human supply department to assess the future growth and determine the future for the company. However, judging the learning and development skills will be the best way to assess the skills of employees (Armstrong Armstrong, 2000). In this process, the human resource department will take care and observe the employees and their actions while implementing the new process. Introducing the adventure package is a new addition to the employees when they are performing their tasks in the company. Before introducing the process, the company will take tests and also give proper training to the employees. Thus, the human resource department can assess the activities of the employees against the new process (Armstrong Armstrong, 2000). Adventure sports is very tough to handle for any worker who is not aware of this thing. Thus, the company should recruit new employees who are aware of adventure sports. Depending on that fact, the human resource department will; take control of the employee's knowledge of this particular activity. To make employees knowledgeable of the new implementation, human resource department should focus on some major aspects as follow: Proper training season: training is very much important for any employee if they are put into the new process. Human resource department should train them about the new process when they are implementing the adventure package. Providing knowledge: employees should get knowledge of the process when they are performing their tasks. However, providing experts fore training is important. They can get the exact idea how to undertake the situation and how to prevent some hazards while they will go for adventure packages (Armstrong Armstrong, 2009). Organizational learning: making aware of the organization is most important. Human resource department will give a proper introduction of the information of the organization when they give training to the new and old employees. In this way, employees can get exact goals and aims of their company. However, after providing such training and knowledge the human resource department can get an idea how the employees are skilled with new implementation, and also they can get an idea how much the employees are skilled with the training. Apart from that, if they find any miscommunication among the employees about the development, human resource department will provide more training to make them expert in their performance (Armstrong Armstrong, 2009). Project 2 Another best way to understand how much they are skilled is: Team level performance analysis Team performance is one of the significant parts in the association which every employee should focus on when they are working on some projects. The activity of helping others and assessing other's work capacity and measure their issues is the best performance for any team. In this way, there are some major factors which the human resource department should take care while assessing employees and their skills in the organization (Boltz, 2012). The factors are: Critical elements: critical elements of a task is refers to a common work that every employee should perform together. In this way, the employees are resulted to give their best in the work. In Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge the employees are liable to perform their individual task but in a formation of a team while they are serving to the guests. They are liable to provide the best supports to the guests as they have to result in a whole team. Depending on that the human resource department will measure them while implementing the innovation which is adventure packages for the visitors. In this process they will perform with some experienced and inexperienced workers, and then they have to measure by their self (Brody, 2005). Non- critical elements: this is not as weightier as critical elements. However, assessing not- critical performance is important to set a goal for the human resource department. Thus, the human resource department will review the now- critical elements such as the employee's motivation, behavior, and their potentiality and so on. This will determine how they will perform when the new program is installed in the organization (Cohen, 2011). Five Years Human Resource Planning for Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge is the New Zealand based affiliation which all are having imaginative history and society. Essential HR organizing is a necessary piece of Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge key HR organization. It joins HR team clearly to the essential plan of their affiliation. Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge affiliation routinely complete budgetary plans to ensure they fulfill their targets remembering workforce game plans are not as fundamental; they are by and large as basic (Brody, 2005). The general inspiration driving imperative HR organizing is to: Confirm satisfactory HR to see the key destinations and effective plans of their affiliation. The accurate people with the exact abilities at the advantageous time stay heedful of community, money correlated, decisive and power-driven examples that effect on HR in their broad region and the part. Stay handy, so that their relationship can regulate variation if what's to come is extraordinary in connection to anticipate basic HR organizing envisages the future HR party essentials of the association. In the rouse of separating, the Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge affiliation current HR, the outside labour marketplace and the coming HR atmosphere that the Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge affiliation will work in. The analysis of HR association matters outside to the Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge affiliation and making circumstances about the accompanying five years and destinies are what perceives indispensable orchestrating from operational masterminding (Cohen, 2011). Gap Analysis from five years Human Resource Planning The accompanying step is to choose the gap between where Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge affiliation should be in the accompanying five years or future and where they are without further ado. The gap analysis consolidates identifying the total of workforce and the attitudes and confines required later on equally with the existing condition (Dessler, 2008). They should similarly look at all their relationship's HR association practices to remark practices that could be advanced or new performs expected that would support the Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge capacity to progress. Case in point, there will be a couple of requests which should be considered when Human Resource Management will endeavor gap analysis for this association: What different services will be obligatory? Do their current workers have the compulsory services? Are workers presently in situations that practice their assets? Do they have enough executives? Is present HR administration performs passable for immediate needs? PEST analysis of the company for Five years Development The most purposely laid Human resource courses of action can be impacted by extreme change at whatever time, so gauging and versatility are key for fruitful masterminding and conforming as required. Remembering the deciding objective to this, HR boss must think about what's going on inside the Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge Company, the industry and the more broad business division in association with the segments that effect change (Gallagher, 2000). Political: From a development in neighbourhood broad conclusion to a modification in supervision or much another present day world global force entering the corporate area, authoritative matters affect the measure of sponsoring is open, the measure of cost must be paid, the most reduced pay allowed by law rates, how marketplaces are measured and the superiority and measure of workforce available to enrol. Right when masterminding ahead, you need to deliberate likely variations to business segments, spending arrangements and availability of sensible applicants as a delayed consequence of later or anticipated political effects. For example, if a change of government is possible in the coming year, understand the new association's needs in association with business parts, endeavors, and associations (Gill, 2000). Economic: The amount of money is sweeping for remuneration, get ready, and apparatus is the most provoke stress in human resource consolidating. In any case, external money related matters accept a comparable essential part. For case, people don't have as much skill to fill out a financial downturn and incline to be fundamentally more particular in what they buy or organizations they use. This recommends a couple of wanders, for case, those conveying understanding things or unnecessary organizations, offer less and may even need to lay off some staff. This, along these lines, makes the close-by economy substantially more troublesome. Consolidating fiscal parts with the HR game plan predicts what number of specialists Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge Company will need, and they can pay (Gould, 2008). Social: A connect of social segments may distress their HR orchestrating, yet they need to check consistencies and varying potentials particularly. Where there is an inimitable dissimilarity of one party, it's a keen thought to work in strategies for opening up new open entryways. For example, if there are a couple of Hispanic people in their association stood out from numbers in the broader gathering, choose why this is the circumstance and what ought to be conceivable to survey the evening out (Grieves, 2003). Have a go at holding an enlistment event in the region or coordinating an investigation of nearby individuals, inquisitive on whether they would consider an occupation at Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge Company and if not, why not. Technological: New development brings new aptitudes essentials, so Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge Company reliably ought to think about proficiencies and get ready needs when organizing HR. New packages and organizations moreover may require enlisting extremely talented specialists or planning existing agents to address the issue. Guarantee HR managers think about new rigging or data be required so they can fabricate the required capacities, and most likely pay redesigns, into the course of action (Hoch Dulebohn, 2013). Legal: Occupation law is the most vital portion of the legal structure that impacts human resource orchestrating, and it changes continually. Overall, there is an abundance of time to execute changes to technique, as the law can deliver a while to take results. Stay up with the most recent, and have a work law power available to direct if key. Work law changes must be reflected in Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge Company procedure and executed on the ground by boss and administrators, so they may need to join another readiness need into the HR course of action (Grieves, 2003). Environmental: Normal components may join where their corporate is arranged in relationship with finding sufficient appropriate staff or deviations to the milieu that mean a prerequisite for logically or fewer laborers. A fundamental instance of biological variables impacting human resource masterminding is the measured how their agents get the chance to effort safely in the midst of substantial atmosphere; their course of exploit may need to fuse the prospect of teleworking to keep the whole thing going (Ilsley, 2010). Improving Human Resource Planning Skills Levels A proficient stipulation of learning movement in the occupation center which hopes to upgrade execution benchmarks. The headway technique or improving Human Resource masterminding capacities levels is unavoidable for each one of the specialists involved with the diverse endeavors and for all who look for after changed obligations as the Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge Company needs to redesign its execution benchmarks to organize with the outside master rules. In outstandingly clear words it is a technique which is enhanced the execution (Ilsley, 2010). It is a deliberate methodology which consolidates unavoidable get ready strategies which focus on the necessities of the affiliation. There are segments of this methodology which are: Training: Right when any showing errand which prompts the expansion of particular data and bent remembering the final objective to serve the word related task. With everything taken into account, readiness is the endeavor to be looked for after for redesigning the data or bent (Marchington, Wilkinson, Sargeant, 2002). Learning: Learning is the course of making data, observations, limits and norms with the purpose of conforming the earth which we have a spot with. When in doubt it is the multifaceted philosophy of getting learning and capacity. Analyse: With the help of this system, Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge Company's objectives for laborer can be assessed, and the point of the readiness could be seen with the objective that the agent's abilities match with they needs. By and large it in like manner recognizes that when the readiness should be given and who should take an interest it. Diagram: This strategy develops the planning structure in which the learners and the coaches execute it for satisfying the learning reason. The key parts of it are the assessing the learning purposes, required back and course's outline, topics secured in a course and the lessons (Marchington, Wilkinson, Sargeant, 2002). Implementing Best Practice Models This model relies on upon the ground of the theory which says that there is a structure of the superlative HRM approaches that are comprehensive in the acumen that they are the most sensible in any circumstances and that their appointment will derive in the pervasive definitive execution (Marques, 2006). Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge Companies HRM frameworks are an overabundance of basic and necessary for business social affairs and relationship through adaptable standard it gives the affiliation. Corporate HR expects to deal with a couple of measures, to reveal the plan and to enhance the execution of the HR bunches. The essential character of this plan is it avoids the compelling demeanor. In Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge Company circumstance the specialist's exhibit together with the affiliation which answers to a corporate focal station. Adjoining 25 to 35% enhancements are refined by the affiliations and the rest are done by the corporate. In Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge there are four confinements in the levels of the boss who handle the four levels as showed by social event structure which is corporate, regional, business get-together and association level? The subordinate HR Director or the acting individual for this position answers to the subordinate President. The subordinate HR Director secures the suggestions from his affiliation (Moore, 2004). The HR Director of the business bundle manages the general HRM executions with the help of the associations' HR Directors with who he or she used to be in touch by sorting out month to month social affairs and gatherings. Among the various inspiration, the explanation behind these get-togethers used to perceive the affiliation's essentials for the particular positions and to consider the once-over of the potential candidates who cha fulfill the necessities of the insinuated positions among which one is set up to Move. Being a Ready to Move recommends that the association has remembered him or her as having his likelihood of change with the help of new pursuits inside restricted capacity to center (Pitici, 2012). Worldwide convenience is to a significant degree paramount in doing imminent business. Its prime target it to develop the general chairpersons in the higher number who can fulfill the fundamentally more than the key grounds. A valid example the HR superior surveys the event o f New Zealand security professional in hotel business who had been chosen as the leader of the motel business in Australia. Knowing the risk the Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge applies this practice for conceivable future. It requires for them to be in new circumstances to engage them in developing new limits and develop their identity. Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge calling progress methods target is to smoother the flexibility technique to adjust to the overall environment. Staying ready that ethnocentricity of the top organization. HR takes after their character. HR should concentrate on developing more overall boss to enable them to be the bit of globalizing top level structure for next five years and their future. Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge adaptability process hones for the headway of the HR bunches who include close-by endowments (Sabock, Sabock, Sabock, 2011). Selection Recruitment Method Recruitment: The evaluation of the HR execution ought to be conceivable on the bases of the enrolment structure and determination techniques for that affiliation. Here we will consider and evaluate the execution of HR department of the Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge association. Selection is a framework which searches for the sensibly qualified contenders for specific positions nearby the correct decision out of the options available and names a capable people or person. Determination: Selection is the methodology to choose the fitting and capable plausibility for the required position with appropriate techniques for best in class Five years and their future. The decisions relate to the decision must be on grounds of careful evaluation of the verification. In spite of the way that it has been seen that ignoring the tries of making the determination strategy objective and conscious they used to be affected by subjective perspective. Systems for Selection Reading the application outline: The structure may have been filled before or immediately, yet the truths required to be taken a gander at are the purposes of interest related to the age, direction, outside ability, experience, interests and side interests (Sekhri, 2010). Meeting the contender: With the help of the structure or CV, the business inspires prepared to find whether the candidate's experience is proper for the affiliation or not (Feitelson, 2005). Offering the occupation: once in a while the meeting technique used to be separated into stages and now and again the organizations offer the work promptly if the meeting is productive. Other plans for Human Resource Planning for upcoming five years Benefits Programs and strategies Mission: Supervise and make medicinal points of interest framework and undertakings that update the thriving of Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge Company's laborers, retirees, and their families (Gatrell, Bierly, Jensen, 2005). Strategies Therefore Future Implications Switch budgets and produce value for staffs through proposal design They create lists that are bazaar inexpensive and bearable Steadiness of price curve Emphasis on giving workers selections and substitutes They are more successfully companion in common consequences with UC medical innovativeness Accentuate worker obligation in a less patriarchal culture Compensation Programs and Strategy Mission: Offer gadgets to a boss to regulate programs in a sensible, successful and unsurprising way. Make and pass on solid guideline and get ready to administrators and specialists as for compensation programs and the part of these activities at UC (McCarthy, 2008). Strategies Therefore Future Implications Start and contrivance market constructed system-wide reward lists and practices They are clever to answer to their pertinent markets Affecting toward market position allows us to kind, good talent adoptions Rationalize, shorten and automate developments and processes They equilibrium all other categories of recompenses within an entire package A continued brilliant labor force and University Employee Relations Mission: Gather a space of delegate engagement, reinforcing and affiliation where people can offer their best; outfit chiefs with gadgets, resources and a methodology structure that supports an intense workplace (Thite, 2011). Strategies Therefore Future Implications Ensure to discriminate the meaning of ER from LR They surge worker appointment and consummation Energies efficiency by incorporating worker fulfillment and rendezvous Upsurge line with non-represented workers They linger to recover their status with all staffs An empowering value that foster faith, deference, and presence of varied ideas Justification of HR plan and examples to support Justification Making human resource planning is very much important for any organization. When it is about some major companies who are making their bright impact on the certain industry, it is mostly visible that this human resource planning is very much important when they are thinking about future developments (Rasnaca, 2012). In this process, gap analysis, skills improvements, recruitment process and so on are very much important to make the future bright. However, the human resource department also gets some ideas how to perform in the next level to make profitable the organization. In this process, the shortages and lacks are captured and within a period they, are being solved easily with some planning (Rasnaca, 2012). Organizations like Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge, gap analysis very much important even, the recruitments are very much crucial whey they are adopting the new process. The training process is one of the most common factors in the skills improvements. Thus, the five years HR pla nning is very much important for them. This planning can help them to gain more profitability and get more customers shortly (Thite, 2011). To justify the planning of human resource departments, there are some important examples following which are stating that this planning is very much crucial for any company especially for Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge (Thite, 2011). Example 1: Gap analysis: A gap analysis discloses whats caring an industry from getting its full prospective. It can be done for the organization as a total or absorbed in one section or industry part. In other sense, it warnings a business to areas of deficit, whether the difficulties are linked to inner disorganizations or external tests (Tuan, 2016). This then permits organizations to grow a plan to remove gaps and exploit their profits. Gap analysis of Tesco: Tesco is one of the largest supermarkets in the UK. In the year of 2014, they had some internal problems which are cleared by achieving the gap analysis. Gap analysis pointed out that the employees are not satisfied with their salary and their rewards (Tuan, 2016). Apart from that, the stakeholders are not willing to be the part of the organization as the culture is going to be destroyed. After analysis the situation, the company had decided to recover all the problems and will rearrange themselves again (Gap analysis, 2013). Gap analysis also determined that the suppliers are not affordable as they are not supporting the rates that the company is providing. Apart from the internal analysis, gap analysis had pointed out that they have issues in following the governmental policies in the organization. Thus, the Tesco had implemented the policies in the organizations and rearranged themselves quickly (Gap analysis, 2013). Example 2 Skills improvements: Emerging organizational expertise and accepting how to spread on them in a commerce background is vital to any professional person. The same private administrative expertise that is cast-off daily can simply be useful to a trifling corporate setting. Association in a workplace or industry can recover the philosophy of the industry even the bottommost as fewer time will be lost examining for wanted matters throughout the time (Thompson, 2010). However, when Dawnson Falls Mountain Lodge is implementing the adventure package to their service, skills are very much important which can make a great impact on the organization's overall activities and their profitability. An example of this skill improvements is given below: Skill improvements in Sainsbury: Sainsbury is a leading company in the UK. They are professional in taking care of supermarket industry. However, they have changed their employee skills in the organization to become more effective in the competitions (Thompson, 2010). This organization has implemented the personal skill development plan to develop individual workers and also implemented professional skill development plan to marge the personal and professional skills together for better workability. According to the company after implementing the skills development plan, the workers have got more knowledge about the organization's aims and goals. They have implemented the organizational goal into their tasks. In this way, the workability has been improved and also developed their skills for their tasks. Example 3 Recruitment process: Organisations has their never-ending job of interviewing, picking and signing staffs. Still, in spite of the monotony and ability of a business's human resources management, choosing the correct employee for work is very stimulating. Constructing the incorrect selection can be expensive. The worker selection procedure typically involves announcement or publicity, studying, broadcast, interviewing, analyze then choosing the best obtainable applicant (CocuÄ ¾ov, 2011). Selection Process of Tesco Tesco has implemented a great recruitment and selection process to get the best employee. The process is as follow (Touya, 2010): The first step of recruitment is, screening the applicants CV. After screening the applications, the successful candidates are sent for the interview. After the primary interview, he candidates is sent to assessment center for the next round of interview. If they are passed in the assessment center, they are asked to prepare for the second interview (Touya, 2010). Finally, those who are passed in the second round of interview, they get their offer letter. In this way, Tesco has implemented the best selection process in their organization. Thus, they have got the best employees all over the world. From the above examples it is clear that if Dawnson Falls Mountain implements this five years Human resource planning in their organizations, they can get the best solutions for the lacks which are very much important for them to fix as soon as possible to sustain the industry in the New Zealand (Touya, 2010). References Armstrong, M. Armstrong, M. (2000).Strategic human resource management. London: Kogan Page. Armstrong, M. Armstrong, M. (2009).Armstrong's handbook of human resource management practice. London: Kogan Page. Boltz, M. (2012).Evidence-based geriatric nursing protocols for best practice. New York: Springer Pub. Co. Brody, R. (2005).Effectively managing human service organizations. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE Publications. CocuÄ ¾ov, J. (2011). Recruitment Process Outsourcing.Acta Technologica Dubnicae,1(2). https://dx.doi.org/10.1515/atd-2015-0045 Cohen, N. (2011).Green business. Los Angeles: Sage Publications. Dessler, G. (2008).Human resource management. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. Feitelson, D. (2005).Job scheduling strategies for parallel processing. Berlin: Springer. Gallagher, P. (2000).Human resource planning. Kent, C.T.: Scitech. Gap analysis. (2013). [Olympia, Wash.]. Gatrell, J., Bierly, G., Jensen, R. (2005).Research design and proposal writing in spatial science. Berlin: Springer. Gill, S. (2000).The manager's pocket guide to organizational learning. Amherst, Mass.: HRD Press. Gould, W. (2008).The Puerto Rico Gap Analysis Project. RiÃÅ' o Piedras, P.R.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry. Grieves, J. (2003).Strategic human resource development. London: Sage Publications. Gundy, P. (2002). Sales Compensation Programs: Built to Last.Compensation Benefits Review,34(5), 21-28. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/088636802237142 Hoch, J. Dulebohn, J. (2013). Shared leadership in enterprise resource planning and human resource management system implementation.Human Resource Management Review,23(1), 114-125. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrmr.2012.06.007 Ilsley, R. (2010).Best practice. Massachusetts, USA: Global Management Enterprises. Marchington, M., Wilkinson, A., Sargeant, M. (2002).People management and development. London: Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. Marques, J. (2006). The new human resource department: A cross-functional unit.Human Resource Development Quarterly,17(1), 117-123. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hrdq.1163 McCarthy, T. (2008).NET Domain-Driven Design with Cà ¢Ã¢â€ž ¢Ã‚ ¯. Indianapolis, IN: Wiley. Moore, R. (2004).Making common sense common practice. Amsterdam: Elsevier/Butterworth-Heinemann. Pitici, M. (2012).The best writing on mathematics. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Rasnaca, L. (2012). Peculiarities of the employees' recruitments by rural employers: the case of Latvia.European Countryside,4(3). https://dx.doi.org/10.2478/v10091-012-0023-6 Sabock, M., Sabock, R., Sabock, R. (2011).Coaching. Lanham, Md.: Rowman Littlefield Publishers. Sekhri, A. (2010).Human resource planning and audit. Mumbai [India]: Himalaya Pub. House. Thite, M. (2011). Smart cities: implications of urban planning for human resource development.Human Resource Development International,14(5), 623-631. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13678868.2011.618349 Thite, M. (2011). Smart cities: implications of urban planning for human resource development.Human Resource Development International,14(5), 623-631. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13678868.2011.618349 Thompson, R. (2010).Steady and strong. Lanham, Md.: Rowman Littlefield Education. Touya, G. (2010). A Road Network Selection Process Based on Data Enrichment and Structure Detection.Transactions In GIS,14(5), 595-614. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9671.2010.01215.x Tuan, L. (2016). How HR flexibility contributes to customer value co-creation behavior.Marketing Intelligence Planning,34(5), 646-670. https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/mip-09-2015-0186

Thursday, March 26, 2020

Achieving Goals Advice from NFL players

Achieving Goals Advice from NFL players NFL players and coaches understand that the best results can only be achieved through restless hard work, focus on strategy, teamwork, perseverance and a strong will-to-win spirit. These men know something about motivation and their wise words and lessons can be applied to anyone who needs an inspiration boost in their everyday lives. Youre not born winners or losers, youre born choosers. Shawn Harper, NFL player for Indianapolis Colts This former NFL player has become a real motivational speaker and now he travels around USA speaking to youth and children on different social events. This message is something that is so important but so lacking in modern community. What does it mean, being a chooser? It means that choosing a right trajectory of your life is as important as choosing a trajectory of your next move on the field. Only if you take a while to think and concentrate, the ball will hit the end zone. Be the type of person that you want somebody to be towards you. Be that towards them. And be kind to yourself. Michael Strahan, a former NFL player for New York Giants Indeed, being a successful person is something more than just working hard and performing well. Real goal achievers are goal achievers in every way. Keep your eyes on your aim, but stay a nice person that people would look up to! Be kind to others and accept yourself. This is the only way not to lose a big picture. Chase your dreams and not walk after them. Don’t hope someone gives you an opportunity, create one for yourself. Shannon Sharpe, a former NFL player for the Denver Broncos and Baltimore Ravens Make a plan and work to achieve your goals. It is impossible to get what you want and deserve if you have no idea how you are going to make it. And one more thing - never rely on others when it comes to something really important to you! Perfection is not attainable. But if we chase perfection, we can catch excellence. Vince Lombardi, a Head Coach of Green Bay Packers (1959-67) Perfection is not attainable because if you keep on moving forward, you cant stop demanding more and more from yourself. And this is the way to catch excellence. You have to believe in your potential and move on to win! Leaders are made, they are not born. They are made by hard effort, which is the price which all of us must pay to achieve any goal that is worthwhile. Vince Lombardi Nobody is born with a capacity to be awesome! The greatest NFL coaches in history know that success is the matter of discipline, persistence, great passion, and daring. And luck, of course. Leadership is a matter of having people look at you and gain confidence. If you are in control, they are in control. Tom Landry, a Head Coach of Dallas Cowboys (1960-88) So inspiration and leadership is something that is worth sharing, because motivated people motivate others. Catch the gleams in the eyes of others and spread the passion yourself. Maybe someone else will also become inspired by just looking into your eyes. A real gleam of passion can destroy your enemies and attract more like-minded people! Believe us, these are super-effective techniques. Just ask the guys above - goals are only achieved with discipline, passion, determination and dedication!

Friday, March 6, 2020

Covey essays

Covey essays The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People Dr. Stephen R. Covey published a book that was all the rage a few years ago. His book The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People outline seven traits found in all effective people. In order to see these habits one must undergo a paradigm shift, which is seeing through the eyes of others. A perfect example of a paradigm shift is the story of a subway ride. Covey told the lecture group to Picture yourself on a quiet subway ride home. Everyone is quiet there are several people sleeping while others are reading. At the next stop a man gets on with some children. The children are very disruptive throwing things running into people, just kids behaving rottenly. You turn and say to the man your children are being disruptive maybe you could do something to control them. Then the man turns and says we just came from the hospital their mother just died and I guess they dont know how to handle it, neither do I. and right away you feel bad for the man. Most people would want to know what they could do to help. In order to improve on the seven habits one must undergo a paradigm shift. When you first look at the title you might ask what is meant by effective? Well Covey defines by using the P/PC balance. The PC in this fraction stands for production capability of something that one desires while P stands for what is actually produced. In order for one to be effective one must be very mature, and develop. People develop from dependence, to independence, and finally to interdependence. Also one can ask what exactly is a habit? A habit is a principle that is internalized where attitude, knowledge, and skill overlap. Covey said that all the literature dealt with character ethics or personality ethics separately. Coveys theory deals with both types of ethics at the same time. He uses the iceberg analogy to describe the relation between c...

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Should Performance Enhancing Drugs Be Legalized Essay

Should Performance Enhancing Drugs Be Legalized - Essay Example Using drugs to cheat in sport is not new. It is just becoming more effective that makes it more attractive to athletes. The International Amateur Athletic Federation estimates that only 10–15% of participating athletes are tested in each major competition which explains many can get away with it (Clayton et al). The incentive also for the winner is just far too attractive to resist. This explains why it is virtually impossible to stop the athletes from taking performance enhancing drugs no matter how harsh the penalties would be. Also, there are drugs such as erythropoietin (EPO) and growth hormone which are also natural chemicals in the body. As nutrition technology advances, these drugs becomes harder to detect because they are like the natural drugs in the body that even if they are being tested, they will still come out as negative. Performance enhancing drugs only becomes more dangerous when they are banned because it can no longer be regulated. When performance enhancing drugs are banned, athletes and their handlers will likely get them in an unknown black market where they do not know whether such drug is safe or not. And instead of properly testing them for their safety, potency and proper use, athletes will instead rely on the trial and error of the use of performance enhancing drugs because they have to hide their use so that they will not be caught. This is a very dangerous practice because they do not know what they are doing. And this is the real risk in the use of performance enhancing drugs than the performance enhancing drugs themselves because they run the danger of taking too much, or taking the wrong drugs. This explains why we often hear athletes who died or suffered from performance enhancing drugs side effects because they do not know what they are doing. If performance enhancing drugs are regulated, the athletes can come out in the open to use the proper avenues for their safety, potency and proper use. Government and sport regulat ors on the other hand can test the safety and proper use of performance enhancing drugs and can dispense advises on their effects and their proper use. If there are side effects to a particular substance of a performance enhancing drugs, at least the athlete knows what he or she is taking and can prepare for remedial measure just in case something goes wrong in taking the performance enhancing drugs. This is safer because help can be had when something goes wrong compared to banning them altogether where athletes could not seek help in case of overdose or misuse for fear of being caught and penalized. And this is the danger of keeping it underground. Critiques of performance enhancing drugs argue that they are cheating because they are making themselves better than everyone else. And that it defeat the purpose of the sport because they would not know if the athlete is really that good without performance enhancing drugs and that it does not make sense to reward people who are cheati ng (Debate.org). This argument however can easily be debunked by the purpose of the sport which is really to be better than competitors. That instead of depriving the opportunity to be better with the help of drugs, it would be safer to make it available to everybody in a regulated and safe manner and see how far can everybody go. Undue advantage only makes it cheating when not all have the same chances of winning. Banning performance enhan

Tuesday, February 4, 2020

Relationship Marketing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Relationship Marketing - Essay Example Consumer behavior is rapidly changing in today’ s world. Most of this changing behavior stems from rapidly evolving technology and its growing importance in our life. The emergence of Web 2.0 has also made it possible. It has helped pave way for door to content driven information which could either make one’s business or bring it down. Thus technology has a strong relationship with consumer behavior and eventually its impact on the purchasing behavior of customers. Social networking sites have opened new paradigms in marketing and relational marketing. Most social networking sites, for instance facebook are educational model tools that voice out what that niche of people wants. Models like yahoo, msn and other search engines have come up before but could never generate the community like feeling. Today companies are very accessible to the consumers because people are talking back to back with them. Other factors have also affected relational marketing.With the advent of the retailing era, products and pricing alone cannot target customers. Customers who enter a store with the advent of purchasing might return empty handed due to a number of factors. Though one of the factors is the unavailability of the products they need but there are a number of factors which might deter them. They include not being able to find the product, being unsure about the product because the store atmosphere doesn’t allow them to judge it properly and being uncomfortable in the store. The store might not appeal to them and the shopping experience is not as convenient as they would like it to be and they leave in order to buy that better shopping experience. ... (D Walters and D White, 1987). It involves communicating a positive product image to the customer and also ensuring that the customer decodes it well thus leading to positive behavioral outcome leading to purchase. The basic aim of the retailer is to trigger a customer to make a purchase. For this three major steps are to be followed. The first one should cause the customer to enter the shop. This can be caused by the shops exterior including both the exterior landscape, the board and the window display. The second effort is made to retain the customer in the store for as long as possible which is attained by making the ambience pleasing and the store comfortable. The third and the decision making process of buying is greatly affected by the product display and availability which is ensured by clean products on display in an efficient manner. The interior design of the store can greatly affect the customers psychologically, lowering their defenses and removing their doubts, encourage them to make purchases and maintain interest in the store. (Kotler, 1974). Thus all marketers are unanimous in agreeing with the fact that store design is one of the main factors behind customer store choice decisions. Other factors include pricing, distance and size of the outlet. Previously the emphasis was on the display of the products but now marketers also have to lay emphasis on the elements which excite the senses of the shoppers. Frequently used elements are smells, lighting, flat screen videos and graphics and flooring (McGoldrick, 1990) Visual merchandising involves using four basic design elements namely lighting, cleanliness, design layout and product display. These are also called orienting factors, signage and atmospherics by

Monday, January 27, 2020

LOreal Global Marketing Strategy

LOreal Global Marketing Strategy LOreal is a great example of how global branding strategy can be used to generate new growth opportunities when all other companies were not going great guns. In the late 90s and early 2000s when the Asian and Latin American economies were shaky and doing poorly, and numerous international brands struggled, LOreal surged ahead. How did it happen? The answer lies in their beautifully framed mission statement as it elaborates their understanding of the marketability of their product and the need of marketing it globally: at LORÉAL; we believe that everyone aspires to beauty. Our mission is to help men and women around the world realize that aspiration, and express their individual personalities to the full. This is what gives meaning and value to our business, and to the working lives of our employees. We are proud of our work. (Source: LOreal website, www. loreal.com) 1 In 2005, the $18.89 billion LOreal group was the most successful cosmetics brand. According to the business week survey 2004 LOreal was ranked 49th. LOreal marketed beauty products e.g. Makeup, perfume, and skincare and hair products to both women and men in approximately 150 countries. The LOreal group reported its 19th consecutive year of double digit growth in December 2005. Since 1989, LOreals sales had grown at a compounded annual rate of 12% to 1.7 billion. Analyzing the kind of growth story it has written an analyst has rightly described it as the United Nations of beauty .the kind of global presence LOreal has it can only be compared to the United Nations. LOreals global branding strategy thats doing wonders has been actively spearheaded by Owen Jones himself. Lindsey Owen Jones has been the CEO of LOreal for nearly two decades and a chairman now, and under his leadership LOreal has really fine tuned its global branding strategy. Interestingly some press reports tell us that he has been seen roaming around streets in foreign markets to understand the new and existing trends. And without any doubts his interesting work style seems to work wonders. The branding strategy of LOreal has such an impact that LOreal seems to be the only global leader in every segment of the cosmetics industry, right positioning of its products seems to be the key .whatever its trying to sell the French elegance or street smartness of America; is getting good response throughout the world .and LOreal has been able to reach its consumers across the national and cultural boundaries. Owen Jones says: We have this great strategy back in the head office of how we are going to do it worldwide. But when you go out and look at what is happening, is there a big gap between your projections and the reality of what you see and hear? It is so important to have a world vision because otherwise decentralized consumer goods companies with many brands can fracture into as many little parts if somebody isnt pulling it back the other way the whole time with a central vision. This really explains why he prefers roaming in the streets for his strategy making rather than sitting in the boardroom. Having said all that its quiet evident that the global branding strategy of LOreal has paid huge dividends to the company overall. In order to understand this splendid growth story we need to see how exactly LOreal applied their strategy to the countries that were entirely distinct as far as the lifestyle, spending pattern and culture is concerned. LOreal was started in France, has a good brand value in the united states of America, is reaping good dividends from India and has a remarkable presence in Japan. These are different complex societies with different needs, so how exactly LOreal managed to be equally successful in all these places? This question needs some fact finding to be done on the basis of country specific products and strategies adopted by the cosmetics conglomerate. Thats what exactly we will try doing in the next section of this case study. In India 4 billion 7.5 ml sachets are sold every year and thats a staggering 66% of total shampoo consumption in India. Most of the urban Indian women (96%) use shampoo, however only 46% use foundation. For hair care a huge 74% population of Indian women still rely on home remedies, 42% use henna and 94% use hair oil, as far as the LOreals sale per person in India is concerned is just 10 cents compared to 28 Euros per person in France. In India skin lightening creams (fairness creams) constitute more than 50% of skincare market people seem to be crazy for getting for getting fairer. (Source: LOreal, Nielsen) These facts are self explanatory about the nature of Indian market and its clearly stating that the strategy used in USA or any other European countries is not going to work in India. USA is a mature market as far as cosmetics consumption is concerned India is an emerging economy with most of the population below 35 years of age and a huge aspiring middle class. The cosmetics market is growing approximately at an annual rate of 16% in India, still a long way to go. The youth in urban centers is very concerned about the image but the larger section is still off the fashion map. Interestingly even after the success story of corporate India , apparently its still a country that is very much community oriented. The great Indian middle class is aspiring but still has the community driven cultural values intact. LOreal has taken this fact very much into consideration while preparing the marketing strategy for India. A very good example would be the launch of garnier fructis shampoo in India. The concept was to rely on idea rather than relying on advertising a brand. The idea of getting five times stronger hair was the central point that created the hype, through word of mouth or network marketing. Initially it was positioned as product for young and teenagers, once the product was established in the market it tried to change or rather increase the target base by shifting gears. In a recent advertisement of garnier hair color a daughter is shown advising her mother to try the garnier product and explaining the benefits. Again it relies on the concept of idea getting spread by word of mouth to another customer segment. This is the best example of marketing in a closed community driven society. There is one more remarkable thing about this entire campaign the catch line take care. It shifts the focus from the product to the core value of Indian society caring about others and the entire advertisement becomes more of a good advice rather than publicity. China is the worlds most populated country in the world and that makes it very clear that it has the potential of being the biggest consumer market. These days Chinese women are spending on an average 10 to 15% of their income on cosmetics products, an urban Chinese lady would use 2.2 cosmetics products on an average every morning. Evidently most of them want to be fashionable and the LOreal punch line if you want to be fashionable, just choose Maybelline, really seems to work. Masses are made to believe that this is something that represents America and it ought to be trendy. Maybelline is the product line for the masses and LOreal really uses the tendency of masses to look towards the USA thats why the Maybelline products are displayed against the backdrop of shiny skyline of New York City Chinese women prefer skincare and beauty products. According to a research by LOreal in china women are concerned about the radiance of their skin and prefer skin nourishing lotions that protect their skin from skin-drying winters. Unlike us customers most Chinese women like skin whiteners rather than tanning products. Its a sign of beauty for Chinese women. Also, the texture of Chinese hair is thicker and more course than typical US Caucasian hair. This requires different product, and really a different skill set to effectively sell and get these products moving in China. LOreal has dedicated research facilities for these and other issues, and followed up with more innovations to suit the needs and preferences of Chinese consumers.   There is one more very interesting fact about Chinese cosmetics industry; Chinese women are very concerned about the ingesting of lipsticks. This is the most interesting food attitude about Chinese women. Now following its global strategy LOreal even took this into consideration and developed lipsticks containing vitamins; as soon as this was told to the women they were more comfortable in using the product. European countries are mostly developed, here LOreal has the liberty of publicizing the brand value rather than focusing on pricing, the benefit to LOreal in these markets is that it is already well established and the brand is well known so it can concentrate on grabbing the attention of individualistic feminist women. Pricing is not a concern in these markets so LOreal can afford to have punch lines like-I am worth it because these punch lines justify the high pricing of the products and fulfill the feeling of exclusivity of high end clientele. Now lets take another example from the European and us markets, LOreal brands in these markets are quiet well established. LOreal products have been used there for few generations now; once young consumer of the LOreal brand has started aging and the same street smart products could not be positioned to them, they have started becoming the mature citizens; now their priorities have changed. A recent market report suggests that the new target segment in the cosmetics industry is 40 plus women who once used the teenage cosmetics products. The thrust is on anti aging products because it not only adds the new customer base but retains the once teenage customer also. Customer from the baby boom generation reaches the retirement age and tries to maintain healthy and youthful look and finds out that their favorite cosmetics brand is still making products for them. LOreal capitalized on their desire to look youthful and started marketing it anti aging products, it has signed sixty year-old D iane Keaton to represent the Age Perfect Pro-Calcium skin care line. Also LOreal has signed Scarlett Johansson, Penelope Cruz, Eva Longoria and Beyoncà © Knowles to promote specific cosmetics lines according to the age groups. Now this tells us how LOreal used the desire of customers to position its products. The French conglomerate believes that only two different cultures as far as fashion is concerned, are dominant, represented by two flagship brands LOreal Paris and Maybelline new York. LOreal has been projected as a French origin with elegance, high end presentation and obviously high pricing. Whereas the Maybelline product line represents the street smart American babe who is looking for the value of the money. America seems to be the growth engine of the world, in the cosmetics industry as well. LOreal has understood this and they made a strategy based on the trends in the USA and thats how Maybelline came into existence. Maybelline currently is the second largest brand in share of unit sales of cosmetics products and number one in makeup brands. It claims to be totally consistent with todays confident woman. Maybelline products targets three customer segments; youngster (16 to 25), office lady (26-35) and career women (35 plus). Marketing mix for Maybelline line of products consists of two main strategies: foreign consumer cultural positioning and symbolic New York City imagery that women can relate to everywhere. Maybelline promotion include different way of grabbing attention including promotional coupons, online advertising, sponsorship of fashion shows, signing fashion icons as spokesperson of the product ,free make up consultancy and providing scholarships etc. we can see as American cosmetic market is a mature market so LOreal tries to rely on mature marketing tactics. In the early 20th century, even American society was not very much open to makeup and skin care products .people thought that only sinful women should wear makeup but eventually with the economic independence that the American women gained; makeup and cosmetics started coming into mainstream. Cosmetics apparently became the symbol of new self belief that the American women was beaming with; and remember even Maybelline claims to be totally consistent with todays women, there are several other punch lines like maybe shes born with it, maybe its Maybelline, all the punch lines keep the self confidence of women in centre as if its not the make up but its the attitude that has to be worn. Thats why women of every nationality and culture started identifying herself with the product and this became the symbol of the 21st century woman. We always say that the world has turned into a small village. Production houses are becoming more and more global. But same cant be said about the consumers as they would still be using the products because of their own reasons. Someone in the USA can use a product just to feel exclusive however the same product could be used in the UK for health reasons. So the companies need to identify the demands of a specific market to effectively satisfy the demand while planning the globalised marketing strategy. Therefore the challenge posed to the companies is whether they should just keep changing their strategy according to the culture or can they consider every customer as a global customer with all common needs. Thats the irony we are supposed to work with these days; on one hand companies are on a global platform more than any other point of time in history however they have to adapt to the mindset and lifestyle of the customer as well. The mindset and the lifestyle of the customer are heavily impacted by the culture. Culture is defined by different norms, values, interactions, language and others personal components shared by groups of people across the world. It is a social phenomenon which defines peoples interests, thoughts and other behaviors they may exhibit in the social life. From one country to another, humans have evolved and developed different types of expressions, beliefs and behavior which can be difficult to understand for someone who does not belong to the same culture. culture is the way how the members of a particular group interact with each other on the sharing of the available means, now that determines what is going to be the need for a particular product in that society, that also decides whether a particular advertising strategy will work or not and how exactly that will be interpreted by the target customers. In different markets consumer requirements and consumer behavior may vary. Cultural aspects deeply impact the consumer behavior; the impact may be direct or indirect. The culture distinction creates the consumer behavior difference, as it can be noticed between the Asian and European continent where the culture and the behaviors are very different. Being a global organization LOreal certainly needs to understand the cultural differences and position its products accordingly otherwise the results may be far more different than they are at this moment. The thrust has to be on hitting the right customer with the right product. This can be possible only if one has a deep knowledge of local culture and beliefs. A very interesting example would be of lipstick use in china; according to a research only 3% women use lipstick for makeup. The reason that was supposed to be behind this low percentage of lipstick use is even weirder; women in china have concerns about ingesting lipstick. LOreal conducted a survey to see whether this is just an age old saying or it holds some truth, based on the findings it came up with a lipstick that had vitamins in it and in turn the demand for LOreal vitamin lipsticks increased. Another example could be real handy; in India long hair is considered necessary for a woman to be considered beautiful. LOreal considered this fact while launching its shampoo product in India and it focused on publicizing the fact that using the garnier fructis shampoo helps in getting long and strong hair. This strategy made the product very popular in India. In china or India people like to have fair complexion. In Asia, women take special care of their skin. People want radiant skins and lotions that can nourish their skin against sun .whereas in the United States people would rather buy tanning cream. On basis of this knowledge LOreal can position their whitening creams in India and the interesting part is the way the advertisements could be interpreted .the way the advertisements for the fairness creams are made in Asian countries these can be interpreted as racial advertisements in the USA but in Asian countries that seems to be quiet usual. Now thats where the knowledge of the culture and beliefs comes handy and helps avoiding unnecessary problems. From a business point of view, companies have to adapt themselves to the culture of each country in which they want to have business in.  for example, Because of the differences of culture between countries, companies need to adjust their products and services according to the local demands. This will help them to create and develop a brand image across the globe that is based on a large number of globally recognized products. Based on these examples we can say that LOreal was able to be successful in these markets because it adapted to ground realities of the particular market yet it followed a standardized strategy. If we study the marketing mix of Maybelline, it has two pronged strategy -one for the foreign markets another is the global street-smart image of the American chic. The global street smart image of New York chick can be admired in almost all the urban centers, be it India, china or Brazil. However there has to be a right mix of local flavor as well. The most important part of the LOreals strategic plan is opportunity hunting or the marketing of their products worldwide. From the initial days it already started catering to the demands of women worldwide. In order to do that efficiently they were expected to be well aware of the diversities of women across the globe .once they knew the diversities their job was to come up with different line of products suitable to the women from all parts of the world .Innovation has been the keyword for LOreal and this was made possible through constant research and development over the years .the group has already covered most parts of the world and still striving to cover more. In order to do so LOreal group has to keep respecting other peoples identity ,ideas and culture .LOreal has to keep valuing different cultures and nationalities to get their brand value up and it seems that they have been doing it really well. The success story can continue further because even today products of LOreal touches the cultural values instilled in potential customers mind .LOreal just doesnt sell the product it makes the customer buy the idea of dreaming big but still remaining rooted to the core cultural values .it has carefully devised its global marketing strategy and customized it to the local needs, and thats the reason people from Africa to Europe and America to Australia are using the LOreal products. LOreal has been doing pretty well in terms of global presence and monetary growth. The mission today is to understand consumers needs and expectations so as to meet them as effectively as possible along with widening the scope of global line of products.

Sunday, January 19, 2020

Perfection: already in humans?

Dear Brother Allen,Hope this letter finds you in good stead and full of happiness. Here I'm also feeling happy, as today I have the scope to write to you. Everything is going fine here at our Institute, which is in fact going from strength to strength with the steady enrolment of new volunteers.News apart, I'm feeling excited to share certain reflections of my present day thought which you wanted to know. Presently I'm preparing a discourse aimed to bolster the spirit of the modern youth and I would like to share some excerpts from it.The recent train of thought in me has provided a new light on the topic of perfection. It has been for quite some time, I was receiving various hints from the nature and the living beings about the genesis of perfection. Later, one day when I was trying to join those loose threads of thought, I suddenly stumbled upon a revelation – which, in fact has brought in a new bend in my vision! No, it hasn't brought me on any crossroad – on the con trary, it has elevated me to a plane, from where I'm seeing more things with more clarity.The idea, of which I'm excited about, can be expressed in a single phrase and I'm doing that for you now: â€Å"Education is the manifestation of perfection, which is already in humans†!This is the goldmine of ideas that I've struck just a few days back. It perfectly conforms with the philosophy of Vedanta – even more, it consolidates the very base of it – that is, Monism.Let me try to explain in detail. You must be knowing that Vedanta philosophy is essentially based on the idea that it is one unique that has been working all around.. This premise brings down this fact that the Almighty is not something or someone existing in somewhere, but it is He who is in us, exists equally everywhere. All around us and beyond is attuned with His existence. Now when I was contemplating with the idea of perfection, it suddenly came to my mind that if He is in us, and if He is the epitom e of perfection, then perfection is supposed to be inherent in us as well! This idea made me so excited and I took to the narrow road down through our garden and settled myself beneath our big banyan tree to meditate in the joy of revelation.Brother James, the halo of this idea is still exerting its influence in me; as now I am gradually coming to the terms of its fuller possibilities; which, in essence is a limitless magic of the Divine Almighty.Imagine what would happen, if each individual perceives this truth that they are already endowed with the power to be perfect in their acts and deeds, and all they have to do is to tap that infinite reservoir of power! Then this would bring in a collective spiritual revolution across the globe; where all men and women would be busy in discovering the inner power of their own and all will be on the equal plane with a soothing sense of equality! Being convinced of equality, all would only be eager to extend their helping hands to others.This act of recognizing the inner reservoir of perfection has to have innumerable other implications as well, let alone the possibility of a collective and organized journey towards salvation. It would shorten the cycle of rebirth if there is any; because it would connect to the soul, the spirit, or the atman in Vedic parlance; which would in itself be an act of rising over the body and mind!The application of this new found philosophy, as I'm feeling from within, would actually set everyone in motion; much like the gases in the stars which emit the light till it attains the nirvana or moksha or salvation,   you name it! This would only spell a relentless development but without any competition; it would be a confident march where everyone will arise, awake and will stop not till the goal is reached.I can feel the excitement in me already, which speaks of the power of this idea. It was only days back I wrote in the pages of my intended discourse for the youth of the world: â€Å"What I want is the muscles of iron and nerves of steel, of which the thunderbolt is made..†Ã‚   and now I have to add lines to it, mentioning clearly that â€Å"you have it all in you, the iron, the steel, the thunderbolt. All you need is to believe in this fact and act on this. The rest will take care of it.†Brother Allen, I sincerely pray that this idea evokes a new spirit in you too, that you become aware of your potential and utilize it to the fullest and bask in the glory of salvation after blooming like a star or a flower in this universe.Best Wishes,Swami Vivekananda,Ramkrishna Mission,Kolkata, India.01/01/1889Works ConsultedSayings of Swami Vivekananda. 3 Nov. 2007http://mysticsaint.blogspot.com/2005/06/sayings-of-swami-vivekananda.htmlQuotes of Swami Vivekananda. 3 Nov. 2007.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   http://thinkexist.com/quotes/swami_vivekananda/Biography of Swami Vivekananda. 3 Nov. 2007.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   http://www. writespirit.net/authors/swami_vivekananda/biography-swami-  Ã‚  Ã‚   vivekananda/Swami Vivekananda. http://www.sriramakrishna.org/vvksay.htm

Friday, January 10, 2020

Firecracker Should Be Banned in the Philippines Essay

Introduction With our technology today we can substitute some firecrackers while celebrating New Years Eve. The aim of this project was to help the students be more curious about the situation surrounding them. This report is hoping that the government can make a wise decision about this problem to help reduce pollutions.   This can make change for a better world and a good place for our sons and grandsons. Hoping this research can help every question of the students. Finally this research was conduct to make a contribution for the next generations. Acknowledgement I’ am Joris Magno would like to thank the persons who help me to finish this research. I would like to express my gratitude to all the students who answered my survey’s the possibility to complete this research. I’am in deeply indebted to my teachers who help me to give some ideas about my topic and some advice that they give, my English teacher who have shared her wisdom with us to make a research paper. I’m thankful to my mother that she has been supporting me from my projects and research, to giving me help from any financial support, and my inspirations to finish up this work. And all of that I’ am thankful to our Dear GOD Who always there to help in every time. The Problem Its Background Firecracker is one of the no. 1 issues of our country that firecracker should be banned, According to the (DOH) Department of Health that one of the most significant cause of death in our country while celebrating New Years eve is accidents on using firecrackers, Wild Fire cause by a firecrackers, and firework related injuries and many more. In that case we are facing a very big problem about firecrackers and this is why I’ am willing to have a research with this kind of topic. Did you know that the our country is one of the most pollutant City in celebrating New year that’s why our government was alarm about this study. Many bad effects can harm our body that is caused by a firecracker and we are one of those citizens affect most, because we live here in a urban city (NCR) and me too is alarm that this bad effects can kill us. According to my research that every students of MPNAG was aware of the bad effect of fireworks in our health and 96 over 100 was agree that firecracker should be banned in our country. Last January 1, 2013 across our country about 412 revelers were injured, down by 17 percent compared to the same period last year, according to the DoH. There were at least 18 cases of indiscriminate firing reported by the DoH, according to Valte. Importance of the Problem It has already become boring how year after year we have been harping about the fires, deaths and injuries caused by illegal explosions of poorly manufactured firecrackers. And how all of these can be avoided if authorities had been stricter in enforcing the law on firecrackers. This study is very important to answer all the questions of every individual who is curious about banning of firecrackers. It is said that our country is one of the top 20 countries that celebrating New Years eve who uses up Firecrackers and that is why our DoH was conducting a â€Å"Iwas Paputok† program that can help to reduce up the smog after the eve. Our students in MPNAG was also agree that firecrackers should be banned already because it can harm people and can cause a large damage of infrastructure that is cause by a wild fire. The firecracker ban, effective since 1966, has been observed more on the breach. Welcoming the New Year with a big bang is too ingrained a tradition to change. In fact, a quiet New Year’s Eve is unthinkable. I doubt if the Department of Health’s call for Congress to legislate a full ban will fly. This research is a benefit for the citizens of our country, this includes young people and for adults, I made done this research to inform and persuade the people to stop using firecracker to lessen the pollutants we have done. Definition of Terms Firecracker – A firecracker (also known as a cracker, noise maker, banger or bunger) is a small explosive device primarily designed to produce a large amount of noise, especially in the form of a loud bang; any visual effect is incidental to this goal. They have fuses, and are wrapped in a heavy paper casing to contain the explosive compound. Firecrackers along with fireworks, originated in China. Fireworks- are a class of explosive pyrotechnic devices used for aesthetic and culture, and religious purposes. The most common use of a firework is as part of a fireworks display. A fireworks event (also called a fireworks show or pyrotechnics) is a display of the effects produced by firework devices. Fireworks competitions are also regularly held at a number of places. Fireworks take many forms to produce the four primary effects: noise, light, smoke and floating materials (confetti for example). They may be designed to burn with flames and sparks of many colors, typically red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, and silver. Displays are common throughout the world and are the focal point of many cultural and religious celebrations. The earliest documentation of fireworks dates back to 7th century China, where they were invented. The fireworks were used to accompany many festivities. It is a part of the culture of China and had its origin there; eventually it spread to other cultures and societies.[2] Important events and festivities such as the Spring Festival (Chinese New Year) and the Mid-Autumn Festival were and still are times when fireworks are guaranteed sights. China is the largest manufacturer and exporter of fireworks in the world. Fireworks are generally classified as to where they perform, either as a ground or aerial firework. In the latter case they may provide their own propulsion (skyrocket) or be shot into the air by a mortar (aerial shell). The most common feature of fireworks is a paper or pasteboard tube or casing filled with the combustible material, often pyrotechnic stars. A number of these tubes or cases are often combined so as to make, when kindled, a great variety of sparkling shapes, often variously colored. The skyrocket is a common form of firework, although the first skyrockets were used in war. Such rocket technology has also been used for the delivery of mail by rocket and is used as propulsion for most model rockets. The aerial shell is the backbone of today’s commercial aerial display. A smaller version for consumer use is known as the festival ball in the United States. Ground fireworks, although less popular than aerial ones, create a stunning exhibition. These types of fireworks can produce various shapes, such as simple rotating c Yuletide season is fast approaching and firecrackers are gradually being sold in the market. Yearly, injuries linked to fireworks are almost inevitable. To minimize the fireworks related casualties, the Department of Health-Center for Health Development XII held a Press Conference for the IWAS PAPUTOK campaign on November 27, 2012 at Sun City Suites, General Santos City. It was attended by people coming from the media, Department of Trade and Industry Scope and Delimitation of the Study The scope of this study focused on issues and problems about the banning of firecracker in our country. This research was limit and conducted only at the school campus to let the students be curious about this topic. The respondents of this study were the fourth year students from the different section and classes of the school. The instrument used in this study it’s the survey questions distributed, wherein Co students with different status in life are asked to answer certain questions which about the community problem facing every year. This study also hopes to waken up the students from different problems surrounding them. I hope that it can answer every question of the students of MPNAG who are very curious about it. Related Literature and Study Firecracker ban Manila, Philippines – IT has already become boring how year after year we have been harping about the fires, deaths and injuries caused by illegal explosions of poorly manufactured firecrackers. And how all of these can be avoided if authorities had been stricter in enforcing the law on firecrackers. Senator Panfilo Lacson was correct when he said: â€Å"First, the regulatory power of government with regard to pyrotechnics, if at all, is not clear or at least not effectively disseminated to the public. Second, threats and warnings are taken for granted simply because enforcement as a follow-through is lacking if not absent. The firecracker ban, effective since 1966, has been observed more on the breach. Welcoming the New Year with a big bang is too ingrained a tradition to change. In fact, a quiet New Year’s Eve is unthinkable. I doubt if the Department of Health’s call for Congress to legislate a full ban will fly. Nevertheless, I agree with Senator Gringo Honasan, chair of the Senate committee on public order and dangerous drugs, when he stated recently that his committee will soon hold a public hearing to review existing measures or ordinances on firecrackers and pyrotechnics and determine if there is a need to pass a new law that will regulate their use during New Year’s Day celebrations. On the other hand, the recommendation of DirectorGeneral Alan Purisima, the new Philippine National Police Chief, on the issue is bold and worthy of consideration. He wants powerful firecrackers to be classified as bombs or improvised explosive devices (IED). Individual fireworks containing not more than 0.2 grams of gunpowder or explosive material are allowed by law. More than that may be classified as IEDs or bombs. The Purisima suggestion will in effect tag the manufacturer or possessor of any powerful explosive as a â€Å"terroristâ€Å" and will be jailed without benefit of bail. Crackdown vs. illegal firecrackers launched Philippines – Director General Alan Purisima, chief of the Philippine National Police (PNP), ordered yesterday all police commanders nationwide to raid factories of illegally-manufactured firecrackers and likewise confiscates those being sold in the streets. In effect, Pursima said he is turning the PNP as the teeth of the Department of Health which has been aggressively pushing to lessen the number of firecracker-related injuries during the traditional New Year’s revelry. â€Å"We are very concerned of the use of firecrackers and other pyrotechnic materials and that is why we are joining forces with the Department of Health in reducing firecracker-related injuries,† said Purisima in a press briefing at Camp Crame in Quezon City. â€Å"While the DOH will take the task of massive information drive, we in the PNP will focus on the enforcement of laws that will help in reducing to the lowest level the casualty figure,† he added. Last year, a total of 378 persons were injured while two people were killed based on firecracker-related incidents based on the data of the PNP. Yesterday, the PNP Chief led the inspection of factories and stalls in Bulacan, which is considered as the Mecca of firecrackers and pyrotechnic materi als in the country. (Aaron B. Recuenco) Firecracker-related injuries lower: DOH By GENALYN D. KABILING MADEL SABATER-NAMIT Manila, Philippines – Despite the lower number of firecracker-related injuries brought about by the aggressive information campaign by the Department of Health, Malacaà ±ang is not about to support a total ban on firecrackers in the country. â€Å"Whether or not legislation will be proposed will be dependent on the assessment of the situation and preparations by the concerned agencies for this year,â€Å" Deputy Presidential Spokeswoman Abigail Valte said. At least 412 revelers were injured across the country, down by 17 percent compared to the same period last year, according to the DoH. Valte also noted that police have arrested 215 persons in connection with the sale and distribution of illegal firecrackers in Metro Manila. Also closed down were 67 stalls and 35 ambulant vendors of banned firecrackers, Valte said. Aquino earlier sought for stiffer penalties against manufacturers and users of prohibited firecrackers particularly those that damage public property. Authorities were also asked to strictly inspect stores selling firecrackers to make sure they comply with their business permits. Meanwhile, Malacaà ±ang issued a stern warning against those who are guilty of indiscriminate firing in welcoming the New Year. There were at least 18 cases of indiscriminate firing reported by the DoH, according to Valte. Although the number is 56 percent lower compared to last year, Valte said the government will continue to step up efforts against those who are guilty of indiscriminate firing. Valte said there were nine civilians arrested by the Philippine National Police (PNP) in Metro Manila Monday night and are â€Å"currently under processâ€Å" as part of its efforts to discourage indiscriminate firing. Police personnel had their guns sealed before the Christmas holidays to ensure that no one among their ranks will indiscriminately fire their guns in welcoming the New Year. Elsewhere, a four-year-old boy was killed on New Year’s Eve after he was shot by a 40-year-old man in Mandaluyong City, a police official disclosed. Senior Supt. Armando Bolalin, chief of the Mandaluyong City Police Station, identiï ¬ ed the victim as Ranjelo Nimer, a resident of Block 26, Welfareville Compound, Barangay Addition Hills, Mandaluyong City. Bolalin, during an interview, disclosed that that victim was taken to the Mandaluyong City Medical Center at 9:10 p.m. Monday but was pronounced deadon-arrival by attending doctors at 9:40 p.m., after he sustained four bullet wounds to the head, at his lower left shoulder, and two in the left side of his body. In Malolos, Bulacan, a threeyear-old boy was rushed to a hospital after being hit by a stray bullet during the New Year’s celebration in the province. Liz Mungcal, head of the Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Management Ofï ¬ ce (PDRRMO), in her report to Bulacan Governor Wilhelmino M. Sy-Alvarado, said the victim was a resident of Barangay Bagong Nayon, Baliwag. In Davao City, police director Senior Superintendent Ronald dela Rosa reported that not a single case of ï ¬ recracker-related injuries was recorded in the city. â€Å"We checked all the hospitals, health centers and even the smallest clinics in the entire Davao City and not even one person was admitted for firecracker injuries,â€Å" said dela Rosa. Davao City has long banned the use of dangerous firecrackers and pyrotechnic materials. Strict enforcement has also resulted in the arrest of 106 vendors and users. In Quezon City, some policemen were caught feasting on the seized firecrackers after presenting them the media to discourage their use for the New Year revelry. Director General Alan Purisima, chief of the Philippine National Police (PNP), ordered the QC Police District and the National Capital Region Police Office (NCRPO) to submit the names of all the officers involved in taking the seized firecrackers. â€Å"This is embarrassing for the PNP. These officers have no discipline, they should face the consequences of their actions,â€Å" said Purisima. Purisima was reacting to a video footage captured by the ABS-CBN wherein a number of policemen started taking various firecrackers and pyrotechnic materials that were presented to the media. (With reports from Francis Wakefield, Aaron Recuenco and Freddie Velez) Government starts anti-firecracker campaign MANILA, Philippines — In is still a month before the New Year revelry to greet 2012, but the government has already started its anti-firecracker campaign to reduce firecracker-related injuries, largely caused by indiscriminate use of firecrackers and pyrotechnics. The campaign will be a collaborative efforts by various agencies of government. The Department of Health (DoH) launched Aksyon: Paputok Injury Reduction’’ (APIR) or â€Å"Give Me Five,’’ in which it would not ask people to stop using firecrackers or show images of injuries, but instead will show a hand with five fingers, representing DoH tips for the holidays – participate in community fireworks display, celebrate a safe family holiday, use alternative noise-makers, join merry-making activities, and reflect on lessons of past year to guide New Year. In support of the DoH, the Department of the Interior and Local Government will tap local government units (LGUs) to designate areas for fireworks display. The Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA), reports that 17 Metro LGUs signed a resolution to set up a common fireworks area in every barangay. The Department of Trade and Industry will inspect firework manufacturers, and will ban harmful firecrackers such as piccolo, super lolo, pla pla, judas belt and og. The Bureau of Customs is preventing the influx and sale of illegally imported or smuggling firecracker products. Some P400,000 worth of confiscated firecrackers were destroyed at the Philippine Coast Guard-Cebu compound. Following tradition, many Filipinos will light up firecrackers to greet the New Year. The government, however, advise them to be cautious and seek prompt medical treatment for firecracker injuries. Prevention is still better than cure. Firecracker ban Manila, Philippines – The Muntinlupa City government has reminded residents that selling firecrackers is illegal in the city. The policy is based on the existing Executive Order 14 issued by Mayor Aldrin San Pedro last year, which strictly enforces the firecracker ban in Muntinlupa. San Pedro said the move aims to protect the public from the dangers of firecrackers, which can result to injuries and deaths. (Jonathan Hicap) ‘Iwas paputok’ Manila, Philippines – National Capital Region Police (NCRPO) Alan Purisima ordered yesterday Metro Manila district police chiefs to intensify their campaign against illegal firecrackers and improvised PVC cannons as part of the joint monitoring center campaign they share with the Department of Health (DOH) dubbed â€Å"Oplan Iwas Paputok† to lower firecracker-related injuries and deaths. The campaign also aims to check indiscriminate firing of guns. (Jean Fernando) Zero casualties: Firecracker ban works wonders in Davao and Olongapo (Updated 2:35 p.m. Dec. 28) – Did you just buy a jeepney’s worth of fireworks, noise makers, and pyrotechnics? Before you light up the fuse on one of those spanking new â€Å"Gangnam Bombs,† you may need to check your local city laws first. You may need to pay a hefty fine, or spend a night behind bars for the crime of being a firecracker bug. Take Olongapo City, for example, which has had a firecracker ban on its street s since 2008. The city is prepared to slap a P5,000 fine and imprisonment on violators, and keep its clean record of zero reported injuries caused by fireworks. Olongapo’s city public affairs chief Mike Pusing told GMA News Online that people in their community are very much aware of the prohibition. As the Department of Health on Wednesday floated the idea for a nationwide fireworks ban, given the rising number of firework injuries, local government units with firecracker bans have been relentless with their policies to greet the coming year without the usual explosive fanfare, or the missing digits and limbs that usually come with the explosions. Olongapo isn’t the first city to have this ban, however. They only followed the lead of Davao City, whose local council was the first to pass an ordinance against firecrackers back in 2002. Davao City’s health officer, Josephine Villafuerte, told GMA News Online that the local government has already reminded residents about the ban on firecrackers even before Christmas. As a result of the innovative restriction, the city has greeted each of the past three New Year’s celebrations without any fireworks-related injuries. Villafuerte pointed out that her city strictly implements the firecracker ban, noting the arrest of at least 32 people this past Christmas Eve for violating the ordinance. â€Å"Sanayan lang,† said Villafuerte on the absence of firecrackers in the New Year revelry, adding that people can still be happy and noisy even without fireworks. Meanwhile, Muntinlupa City followed suit and passed an ordinance banning firecrackers in 2010. Public Order and Safety Office staff Manny Surel said that city officials and the police previously met to discuss the firecracker ban, but declined to say more. The municipality of Pateros said in place of the prohibition of the sale, distribution and storage of firecrackers in the town, it heavily promotes alternative ways of greeting the new year with the use of toy horns and banging on pots an d pans. We observe Oplan Iwas Paputok Manila, Philippines – The Department of Health (DOH) launched its annual OPLAN IWAS PAPUTOK early this month. This year’s campaign focuses on children aged 6 to 10 years old. Statistics reveal that in 2011, the firecracker mishap belonged to this age group. DOH Secretary Dr. Enrique T. Ona has been visiting schools to advise children not to use or play with any firecracker/fireworks or pick any used firecracker in order to avoid injuries. In the event of fireworks-related injuries, bring the victim to the nearest health care facility so that immediate medical treatment can be administered to prevent tetanus, he says. The Philippine National Police (PNP) has been conducting fireworks training seminars for both producers and users of firecrackers. The Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP) has launched â€Å"Oplan Paalala† to advise the public to strictly observe safety measures to prevent fires in their households. All these measures, however, can be effective only with the cooperation of the general public, especially parents and caregivers. Let us resolve to have a better and safer 2013 by making an effort to prevent danger from firecracker/fireworks. We can promote community fireworks displays handled by experts and located in safe areas, use alternative noise-makers like car horns, cans, pots and pans, radio music, etc. to welcome the new year, or join street parties, concerts, and games. We congratulate the Department of Health led by Hon. Secretary Dr. Enrique T. Ona, the Philippine National Police led by Chief Director General Alan LM Purisima and their Officers and Staff, and wish them all the best and success in all their endeavors. CONGRATULATIONS AND Mabuhay. DOH mulls total firecracker ban Health authorities are planning to push fpr a total ban on firecrackers nationwide. This, after the Dept. of Health had noted the increasing number of firecracker-related injuries in the run up to every New Year revelry. Health Secretary Enrique Ona told newsmen in an interview Thursday he and the DOH team are analyzing the trend in injuries prior to New Year’s eve. He said if the same number of firecracker-related injuries is established, a radical change will be observed. â€Å"We analyze how effective these [measures to prevent firecracker-related injuries] are and if the case is always the same, maybe it’s time we did something more drastic,† Ona said. According to Ona, despite having the objective to raise a ban on firecrackers, especially illegal ones, much consideration must be taken as this ban would also affect manufacturers, sellers and the country’s culture. â€Å"[We should] see how other countries do it [measures] and see the effect of firecracker ban in places in the Philippines like Davao City and Subic that have [already] done a total ban,† Ona said. As of Wednesday, there had been 72 victims of firecracker-related injuries, about 40 % of whom were children below age 10. He did not disclose comparative figures from last year’s pre-New year celebration. Ona said about half of the victims were onlookers. He added: â€Å"It is a time for celebration, a time to be happy, a time to be with friends, family and loved ones. â€Å"It is not the time to be crying, especially if the injuries obtained by these firecracker victims are severe.† Ona also remind the public that the New Year should not only be a happy one but also a safe. Firecracker ban The use of firecrackers, although a traditional part of celebration, has over the years led to many injuries. There have been incidents every year of users being blinded, losing body parts, or suffering other injuries, especially during festivities that customarily involve firecrackers such as Chinese New Year season. Hence, many governments and authoritarians have enacted laws completely banning the sale or use of firecrackers, or banning the use of firecrackers in the street, primarily because of safety issues. * Australia – Australia, with the exception of its capital territory (ACT) and the Northern Territory, does not permit the use of fireworks, except by a licensed pyrotechnician. These rules also require a permit from local government, as well as any relevant local bodies such as maritime or aviation authorities (as relevant to the types of fireworks being used) and hospitals, schools, et cetera, within a certain range. * Canada – Firecrackers are not authorized under the Explosives Act, thus making importation, possession, transportation, storage or manufacturing illegal in Canada. [2] Canada banned firecrackers on September 27, 1972 after it came out in the media that two children were killed and three others severely burned when some older children were playing with firecrackers outside their tent. False rumours have been spread that the children inside the tent had actually been smoking and, not wanting to tell their parents, had told them they had been playing with firecrackers.[3] This report is incorrect. One of the surviving burn victims has researched and documented the events of that night and has included some of these details in his autobiography.[4] Fireworks, however are still legal to buy for anyone 18 years of age or over. * Mainland China – As of 2008, most urban areas in mainland China permit firecrackers. In the first three days of the traditional New Year, it is a tradition that people compete with each other by playing with firecrackers. However, many urban areas banned them in the 1990s. For example, they were banned in Beijing’s urban districts from 1993 to 2005.[5] In 2004, 37 people were killed in a stampede when four million[6] people gathered for a rumored Lantern Festival firework display in nearby Miyun.[7] Since the ban was lifted, the firecracker barrage has been tremendous. An unusual[clarification needed] feature is that many residents in major cities look down on street-level fireworks from their tower blocks. Bans are rare in rural areas. * Hong Kong – Fireworks are banned for security reasons – some speculate a connection between firework use and the 1967 Leftist Riot. However, the government would stage a fireworks display in Victoria Harbour on the second day of the Chinese New Year. Similar displays are also held in many other cities in and outside China. * Indonesia – Firecrackers and fireworks are forbidden in public during the Chinese New Year, especially in areas with significant non-Chinese population to avoid conflic t between the two. However, there were some exceptions. The usage of firecrackers is legal in some metropolitan areas such as Jakarta and Medan, where the degree of racial and cultural tolerance is higher. * Italy – Firecrackers are legal and can be bought without a licence. * Malaysia – firecrackers are banned for similar reasons as in Singapore. However, many Malaysians smuggle them from Thailand. * Norway – The government of Norway decided to ban rockets shortly after 2009 started. Other types of fireworks are still allowed. * Philippines – Fireworks and firecrackers are widely available throughout the Philippines, but are banned in Olongapo City (since 2008)[8] and Davao City (since 2001). * Republic of Ireland – Fireworks and firecrackers are not permitted in the Republic of Ireland however many people smuggle them from Northern Ireland where they are legal. They are most common around Halloween. * Singapore – a partial ban on firecrackers was imposed in March 1970 after a fire killed six people and injured 68.[9] This was extended to a total ban in August 1972, after an explosion that killed two people[10] and an attack on two police officers attempting to stop a group from letting off firecrackers in February 1972.[11] However, in 2003, the government allowed firecrackers to be set off during the festive season. At the Chinese New Year light-up in Chinatown, at the stroke of midnight on the first day of the Lunar New Year, firecrackers are set off under controlled conditions by the Singapore Tourism Board. Other occasions where firecrackers are allowed to be set off are determined by the tourism board or other government organizations. However, their sale is not allowed. * Sweden – Only rocket type fireworks are allowed in Sweden. The ban of fire crackers was done by the EU Parliament and Swedish government 1 December 2001 * Taiwan – Beginning 2008, firecrackers are banned in urban areas, but still allowed in rural areas. * United Kingdom – In 1997, firecrackers became illegal but most other consumer fireworks are legal.[12] * United States – In 2007, New York City lifted its decade-old ban on firecrackers, allowing a display of 300,000 firecrackers to be set off in Chinatown’s Chatham Square.[13] Under the supervision of the fire and police departments, Los Angeles regularly lights firecrackers every New Year’s Eve, mostly at temples and the shrines of benevolent associations. The San Francisco Chinese New Year Parade, the largest outside China, is accompanied by numerous firecrackers, both officially sanctioned and illicit. CHAPTER 2 Method of Study The instrument I used for my research is the survey questions and some interviews about my topic.   This topic is interesting for every student and according to them 74 out of 100 students their impression in using firecracker is Dangerous because it can cause damage to our body and health. All of the students was aware to the negative effects of firecracker, and 96 out 100 students agree to the government that firecracker should be banned. About 74 out of 100 students are not using firecracker anymore, because they have an alternative for it. The â€Å"Torotot† a flute that makes avery loud sound and it is more affordable, toxic free than firecracker. Treatment of Data This study can help the government to know what are the impressions of the students about banning of firecracker in our country.   In fact, firecrackers can lead to significant casualties if people don’t use it appropriately. In recent years, firecrackers are banned in some states in America. There are a total of 11 states that ban all types of firecrackers while some states only allow few types of firecrackers. Most leniently states such as Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida still allow all types of firecrackers ( Essoyan; Los Angeles Time ). The administration of some states has refused to allow the setting off of firecrackers during Chinese New Year celebration because these state governments believe that these explosives are too dangerous. That’s why our government was alarm about this news CHAPTER 3 Presentation and interpretation of Data This graph tells that the impression of many of the students is Dangerous. But almost of the students are using up firecracker. This was taken up about last-last year survey about the banning of firecracker in big cities. CHAPTER 4 Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendation The main thrust of the study was to inform the students and to be curious about the problems facing our community. Specifically, the study answered questions to make the students be not innocent about this problem this can help the community be aware of it. FINDINGS 1. Level of Students who are using firecracker Majority (81.9333) of the students got the highest rating scale of 80-89 which was rated Very High. Only the rating scale of 50-59 (far below from the passing percentage) are not using firecracker. 2. Students aware to the bad effects of firecracker Almost all of the students have the rating scale of 90 and above, who are aware of its harmful effects. 3. Impression of the students toward using firecracker Based on the survey that all of our respondent’s impression toward it is very dangerous because it can affect our body to have illness, having a accidents. The causes for these accidents is misbehavior in using fireworks, it can cause damage to infrastructure. CONCLUSION For being a student I conclude that firecrackers should be banned in the Philippines including Fireworks, this was proven according to the Government of Davao and Olongapo. Because they already done this thing and observe a peaceful New year. RECOMMENDATION For my viewpoint of this problem, I think that we should start using up firecrackers to lessen more pollutant in the air and even accidents we can prevent of this two. Firecrackers is one of the most significant problem of our country and even our planet are debating oneself to banned this problem and I think that our government start to work up and make a wise decision. For the students I want to advice them that they should participate in every problem who are facing this country. I supposed that if firecracker has been banned the earth can leave longer and even the young people we might help in the next generation. 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